How to file for disability, Filing for SSI
Disability Requirements, Disability Status
How long is the wait?, Disability Application
The Social Security List of Impairments
Qualifying for Disability, Mental Disability
Disability Lawyer Info, Disability Back Pay

Medical Disability Requirements for SSD and SSI

The disability eligibility requirements of Social Security Disability and SSI are the same, meaning that the definition as to what constitutes a disability is the same, and how a person's medical records and work history is evaluated is the same. However, the non-medical requirements of both programs are a bit different from each other.

On this page, we will discuss the medical requirements of SSD and SSI, and on the following page (link below), we will discuss the non-medical requirements of SSD and SSI.

Medical Disability Requirements

To be eligible for SSD or SSI benefits, your history of medical treatment must show that you have at least one impairment that could be considered severe. To be severe, it must reduce your functionality; in other words, the impairment must reduce your ability to engage in normal activities of daily living, which, of course, can include work activity. How does the social security administration assess whether or not your physical and/or mental functionality is impaired?

1. Social security will evaluate your medical records, looking through your physician's treatment notes, your lab reports, the interpretations of xrays, MRI scans and CT scans, and hospital admission and discharge summaries to find evidence of functional limitations.

2. Social security, through a disability examiner, will ask you (and often a third-party contact person as well, such as a friend, neighbor, or relative) about the activities that are a part of your normal day. This is done in an attempt to gauge what activities you may have trouble with. For example, disability examiners who are conducting an ADL (activities of daily living) phone call to a claimant will typically ask the claimant how well they are able to prepare meals, do household chores, and take care of personal hygeine tasks.

Some claimants may wonder what daily activities have to do with disability. However, many conditions can have an immediate impact on the ability to perform daily activities. For example, a person with reduced grip strength might have difficulty buttoning clothes or picking up cans of food. A person with shoulder problems might have difficulty putting dishes into a cupboard. A person with memory difficulties might have trouble writing bills or making shopping lists.

Asking a claimant (or the person the claimant listed as a third-party contact) about their daily activities can help illuminate exactly how their condition impairs them and reduces their ability to function. This can be taken into consideration when the claimant's residual functional capacity is rated (all claimants are given physical and/or mental ratings of their remaining, or residual, functional capacity). The RFC rating is compared to the functional requirements of the claimant's past work and the requirements of any other work that the claimant might be considered capable of doing.

What makes a person medically disabled under either the Social Security Disability or SSI program? Basically, that they have a severe mental or physical impairment that is severe enough to prevent them from being able to work and earn a substantial and gainful income for at least twelve months. When a claimant satisfies this criteria, they are considered disabled according to the definition of disability used by the social security administration.

continued at: The non-medical Disability Requirements for SSD and SSI

Essential Questions

What is the Social Security Disability SSI list of impairments?

Can you work while getting or applying for Disability?

How Often Does Social Security Approve Disability The First Time You Apply?

Tips for getting Social Security Disability or SSI benefits approved

What medical conditions will get you approved for disability?

What kind of Mental Problems Qualify for Disability?

Receiving a Disability Award Letter

Conditions Social Security will recognize as a disability

Previously answered questions regarding SSD and SSI

Applying for disability in your state

Most popular topics on SSDRC.com

Social Security Disability SSI Questions

The listings, list of disabling impairments

Can a mental illness qualify you for disability?

Disability Lawyers prevent unnecessary denials

How much Social Security Disability SSI back pay?

How to apply for disability for a child or children

Filing a Social Security Disability SSI application

Filing for disability - when to file

How to apply for disability - where to apply

Qualifications for disability benefits

How to Prove you are disabled and Win your Disability Benefits

Qualifying for Disability - The Process

How to get disability for depression

Getting disability for fibromyalgia

SSI disability for children with ADHD

What is the Application Process for Social Security Disability and SSI?

Common Mistakes to avoid after being denied for Disability

Social Security Disability SSI Exam tips

More Social Security Disability SSI Questions

Social Security Disability SSI definitions

What makes you eligible for Social Security Disability or SSI?

New and featured pages on SSDRC.com

Who can help me file for disability?

Related pages:

Who qualifies for disability? - Qualifying is based on evidence of functional limitations
The Social Security Disability Approval Process and the Criteria for Decisions
How does Social Security Disability decide that you cannot work?
How do you Win Benefits under Social Security Disability or SSI?
Medical Disability Requirements for SSD and SSI
The non-medical Disability Requirements for SSD and SSI

These pages answer some of the most basic questions for individuals who are considering filing a claim.

Can you get temporary Social Security Disability or SSI benefits?

Permanent Social Security Disability

What is the difference between Social Security Disability and SSI?

Who is eligible for SSI disability?

Can I Be Eligible For SSI And Social Security Disability At The Same Time?

What makes a person eligible to receive disability benefits?

Applying for Disability - How long does it take to get Social Security Disability or SSI benefits?

Getting a Disability Lawyer in Arkansas

If you apply for disability in Arkansas

What happens if I file a disability application and it is denied by a disability examiner or Judge?

For the sake of clarity, SSDRC.com is not the Social Security Administration, nor is it associated or affiliated with SSA. This site is a personal, private website that is published, edited, and maintained by former caseworker and former disability claims examiner, Tim Moore, who was interviewed by the New York Times on the topic of Social Security Disability and SSI benefits in an article entitled "The Disability Mess" and also by the Los Angeles Times on the subject of political attempts to weaken the Social Security Disability system.

The goal of the site is to provide information about how Social Security Disability and SSI work, the idea being that qualified information may help claimants pursue their claims and appeals, potentially avoiding time-consuming mistakes. If you find the information on this site helpful and believe it would be helpful to others, feel free to share links to its homepage or other pages on website resource pages, blogs, or social media. Copying of this material, however, is prohibited.

To learn more about the author, please visit the SSDRC.com homepage and view the "about this site" link near the bottom of the page.