Disability Benefits Stopped, but what if there are still disabling conditions?

An individual recently submitted the following scenario and questions. He asked that he not be personally identified and for this reason I have omitted his name.

"I have a relative that was diagnosed with cancer and granted SSDI. About a year ago her case was reviewed and benefits revoked. She is cancer free but now has several conditions that impact her ability to work (respiratory illnesses). She filed for reconsideration, assuming that when her rather extensive medical records were considered, the decision would be reversed and disability reinstated.

However, this did not happen. The reconsideration judgment affirmed the original decision that her original medical condition had improved and that she was no longer disabled. She has now filed a request for hearing with an ALJ.

My first question. When the original condition has improved but there are new illnesses (likely related to the surgery used to treat the original condition), is it correct to pursue the appeal process? Or should a new claim be filed for the new conditions?

Additionally, while waiting for the reconsideration, my relative continued to receive benefits. Now that her reconsideration has been denied she is being asked to repay those benefits. The loss of disability benefits has already caused a hardship. She is currently unable to pay her bills and is preparing to file bankruptcy because of this.

I know that one of the requirements for a waiver of overpayment is ability to pay. I believe she can clearly meet that standard.

My question is on regarding "fault" clause. She fully disclosed all changes in her condition during the appeal process including submitting medical records.

She reasonably expected that based on the medical history she would win her appeal. Is this enough to claim that she was not at fault? How does Social Security view "fault" in this situation of overpayment incurred during the appeal process?"

I sympathize with your relative's situation. Unfortunately many individuals who are awarded disability benefits based on cancer lose their benefits as a result of medical improvement. The Social Security Disability handbook "Disability Evaluation Under Social Security" (the blue book) addresses your relative's situation under impairment listing 13.00 Neoplastic Diseases, malignant, Part C Evaluation and Part D Effects of Therapy.

The disability handbook states that improvement has occurred when the original tumor and any metastatic disease appears to have disappeared and has not been evident for three or more years. At this point, the impairment does not meet the listing criteria for neoplastic impairment. Part D goes on to state that any significant post-treatment residual effects, not specifically addressed in the neoplastic impairment listing, must be evaluated by the impairment listing that addresses the affected body system.


The next part of your question is about the overpayment created by your relative accepting disability benefits while they reconsidered her disability cessation. Social Security considers someone to be at fault in creating their overpayment if their overpayment is one of the following: the result of a willful misstatement of facts, the result of purposefully hidden facts or fraud, the result of failure to provide information that the individual should have known or knew was important, or the acceptance of payment an individual knew or should have known was incorrect.

Just in reading the facts that you have presented with regard to your relatives situation it does not appear to me that she meets the "at fault" criteria in creating her overpayment. Additionally, her financial situation does seem to indicate that it would be an extreme hardship if she has to repay the overpayment given that she is considering bankruptcy. I would suggest that she contact her local Social Security office to get the waiver process going. In all likelihood, she may be able to have the overpayment waived or work out an extremely small repayment monthly amount at the very least.

I hope your relative's hearing goes well.

About the Author: Tim Moore is a former Social Security Disability Examiner in North Carolina, has been interviewed by the NY Times and the LA Times on the disability system, and is an Accredited Disability Representative (ADR) in North Carolina. For assistance on a disability application or Appeal in NC, click here.

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