Overview of Disability

Disability Back Pay

Disability Requirements

Disability Applications

Disability Advice Tips

How long do cases take?

How to win Disability

SSD Mistakes to avoid

Disability for Mental

What if you get denied?

How to file Appeals

Disability through SSA

SSI Disability Benefits

Disability for Children

How do I qualify for it?

Working and Disability

Disability Award Notice

Disability Lawyer Q&A

Disability Conditions List

What is a disability?

Your Medical Evidence

Filing for your Disability

Disability Eligibility

SSD SSI Definitions

Recent Questions

SSDRC Disability Blog

What is the Difference Between Filing A New Disability Claim And Filing A Disability Appeal?

Filing a new disability claim generally involves more paperwork and takes more time than filing an appeal of a social security disability or SSI denial. In order to file a new disability claim, an individual must do what they did on their original disability application, which is to complete a disability application either by phone, in person, or online.

If the disability applicant chooses to file their new disability claim online, a Social Security claims representative (at a local social security office) may still have to recontact them if they have opted to file an application for SSI (Supplemental Security Income) disability because there is no online application at present.

If an individual files their new disability application online, they must also complete the disability report (form SSA-3368) so that Social Security has their medical information as well as their work information. Once everything is completed online, Social Security still needs a printed medical release form (form SSA-827) signed and returned to the local office before the disability claim can be sent to the state disability agency (DDS, or disability determination services, where cases are evaluated by disability examiners) for a decision.

If the disability applicant chooses to file their new disability application by phone or in person, a Social Security claims representative (a CR) will complete the application and disability report, the only difference being that the representative will also get their medical release form from them if they do an in-person interview. Of course, if you prefer filing by phone, you will still have to sign a medical release form and return it.

Once the new disability application and forms are complete, the disability claim is sent to the state disability agency for a decision. This process requires the disability examiner to send out requests for the disability claimant’s medical information and, based on what information is obtained from the claimant's treatment sources, make a determination as to whether or not a consultative examination is needed in order to make a decision.

A consultative exam, or CE, is performed by a doctor who is under contract to either test or examine applicants for disability benefits. Consultative exams may be short physical examinations, but they may also entail pyschiatric testing, intelligence testing, and even being sent to have xrays done. If a consultative examination is needed, the disability claimant will have to attend the examination prior to a decision being made.

All of this must be done on a brand new disability claim. And claimants should consider the time factor when considering whether to file an appeal of a denied claim, or deciding to start over with a brand new claim. It takes far more time on the disability applicant’s part to file a new disability claim than it takes to file an appeal of a disability denial. Filing an appeal is also somewhat easier as a disability claimant can file their appeal online or complete and return the appeal paperwork to their local Social Security office.

Disability appeals have the advantage of not involving an interview with a claims representative as would be the case with filing a new disability application. On an appeal, the disability claimant only has to provide updated medical and work information to Social Security. Additionally, a disability applicant’s disability appeal can be handled by an attorney or non-attorney representative with little or no direct contact between Social Security and the disability applicant.

However, the most important reason to file an appeal versus filing a new disability claim is that an individual’s chances of being approved for disability benefits are much better if they use the disability appeal process. Individuals who are initially denied can file a request for a reconsideration and if this appeal is also denied, the claimant can request a hearing before an administrative law judge. At such a hearing, a represented claimant may have their best chance of being approved for social security disability or SSI benefits.

Return to:  Social Security Disability Resource Center, or read answers to Questions

Related pages:

What is the Difference Between Filing A New Disability Claim And Filing A Disability Appeal?
How Likely Is It That A Social Security Disability Claim Will Be Won Prior To The Hearing Level?
How do you find out if a Social Security disability claim has been approved or even denied?
What Happens When You File A Second Social Security Disability Claim?
What Happens in the processing of a disability claim after you file?
A Short Checklist for Filing A Disability Claim Under SSI or SSD
Will Your Claim for Disability be Handled Differently if Based on a Physical or Mental Problem?
How to Claim Disability Benefits through Social Security
How to claim disability benefits in North Carolina

Information on the following topics can be found here: Social Security Disability Questions and in these subsections:

Frequently asked questions about getting Denied for Disability Benefits | FAQ on Disability Claim Representation | Info about Social Security Disability Approvals and Being Approved | FAQ on Social Security Disability SSI decisions | The SSD SSI Decision Process and what gets taken into consideration | Disability hearings before Judges | Medical exams for disability claims | Applying for Disability in various states | Selecting and hiring Disability Lawyers | Applying for Disability in North Carolina | Recent articles and answers to questions about SSD and SSI

These pages answer some of the most basic questions for individuals who are considering filing a claim.

Filing for disability - How to file for SSD or SSI and the Information that is needed by Social Security
How to Apply for Disability - What medical conditions can you apply and qualify for?
Applying for Disability - How long does it take to get Social Security Disability or SSI benefits?
What happens if I file a disability application and it is denied by a disability examiner or Judge?
How to Prove you are disabled and qualify to win disability benefits
How do you prove your disability case if you have a mental condition or impairment?
Social Security Disability Back pay and How Long it Takes to Qualify for it and receive it
Social Security Disability SSI - Eligibility Requirements and Qualifications Criteria