Overview of Disability

Disability Back Pay

Disability Requirements

Disability Applications

Disability Advice Tips

How long do cases take?

How to win Disability

SSD Mistakes to avoid

Disability for Mental

What if you get denied?

How to file Appeals

Disability through SSA

SSI Disability Benefits

Disability for Children

How do I qualify for it?

Working and Disability

Disability Award Notice

Disability Lawyer Q&A

Disability Conditions List

What is a disability?

Your Medical Evidence

Filing for your Disability

Disability Eligibility

SSD SSI Definitions

Recent Questions

SSDRC Disability Blog

Do You Automatically Get Approved For Disability If You Had A Stroke?

Although strokes are most certainly a significant medical occurrence, they do not always lead to permanent limitations that are at a level considered disabling by Social Security. When an individual files for disability on the basis of a stroke, the disability examiner will not make a medical disability determination until at least three months have passed since the stroke occurred. They do this because Social Security considers that there is a clearer picture of what an individualís maximum medical improvement might be after three months. The disability examiner will base the disability claim on the limitations caused by the stroke.

The Social Security listing book (referred to as the blue book) evaluates cerebral vascular accidents (strokes) under impairment listing 11.04, Central Nervous System Vascular Accident. The listing criteria states that there must be one of the following more than three months after the stroke.

A. Sensory or motor aphasia (damage to the region of the brain that is responsible for language or speech caused by the stroke) that results in ineffective communicating abilities or speech; or

B. Severe and constant disorganization of motor function (paresis or paralysis, involuntary movement or tremor, ataxia, or sensory disorders) in two extremities that causes sustained disorder of an individualís gait and posture or gross and dexterous movements (assessment of the impairment of motor function depends upon how much it interferes with walking, standing, etc. and/or the use of fingers, hands, and arms).

If an individual meets the above listing criteria, they will be approved for disability benefits on the basis of their stroke. However, even if they do not meet or equal the listing criteria, they still may be approved through a medical-vocational allowance.

Medical vocational approvals consider what an individual is able to do in spite of their disabling condition, along with the individualís age, education, job history, and the transferability of their job skills.

As such, medical vocational approvals are based on a certain type of decision-making called "sequential evaluation", a five step process that requires the social security administration's decision-maker to evaluate whether or not the claimant's condition is severe, will last at one full year, and, for this period, will prevent the performance of substantial and gainful work activity at either one of their former jobs (that fall into a relevant 15 year past work history) or at some type of other work that the claimant's skills might potentially be transferrable to.

Of course, the evaluation of a claim in this manner is highly dependent on the availability (to a disability examiner or to a disability judge, depending on what level the claim is currently at) of:

1) medical records and

2) a detailed work history.

Why both? Because the disability claim decision maker will need to determine the physical and mental requirements of the claimant's past work and compare this to the claimant's current capabilities. This will also be done in conjunction with considering whether or not the claimant can transfer his or her work skills to some type of other work (that they have never done before).

In summary, if a disability examiner is able to rule out an individualís past work activity and finds that their functional ability is so compromised that it precludes the performance of other work, then the claimant may be approved for disability benefits even without meeting the requirements of the stroke listing, listing 11.04.

Note: most Social security disability and SSI claims are approved on a medical-vocational basis, not on the basis of satisfying the criteria of a listing in the blue book.

Return to:  Social Security Disability Resource Center, or read answers to Questions

Related pages:

Filing for Social Security Disability or SSI with Multiple Sclerosis MS
Why Is It Hard to be Found Disabled for Social Security Disability or SSI for Seizures?
Do You Automatically Get Approved For Disability If You Had A Stroke?
Facts about Mini Strokes and Filing for Disability
Multiple Sclerosis (MS), Social Security Disability, and Applying for Benefits
Seizure Disorder, Social Security Disability, and Applying for Benefits
Why is Charcot-marie-tooth not on the Social Security Disability list of impairments?
Charcot-marie-tooth disease and Filing for Disability
Social Security Disability SSI and Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)
Dystonia and Filing for Disability
Dysautonomia and Filing for Disability
Grand Mal Seizures and Filing for Disability
Narcolepsy, Social Security Disability, and Applying for Benefits
Epilepsy and Filing for Disability
Hydrocephalus and Filing for Disability
Memory Loss and Filing for Disability
Facts about Stroke and Filing for Disability

Information on the following topics can be found here: Social Security Disability Questions and in these subsections:

Frequently asked questions about getting Denied for Disability Benefits | FAQ on Disability Claim Representation | Info about Social Security Disability Approvals and Being Approved | FAQ on Social Security Disability SSI decisions | The SSD SSI Decision Process and what gets taken into consideration | Disability hearings before Judges | Medical exams for disability claims | Applying for Disability in various states | Selecting and hiring Disability Lawyers | Applying for Disability in North Carolina | Recent articles and answers to questions about SSD and SSI

These pages answer some of the most basic questions for individuals who are considering filing a claim.

Filing for disability - How to file for SSD or SSI and the Information that is needed by Social Security
How to Apply for Disability - What medical conditions can you apply and qualify for?
Applying for Disability - How long does it take to get Social Security Disability or SSI benefits?
What happens if I file a disability application and it is denied by a disability examiner or Judge?
How to Prove you are disabled and qualify to win disability benefits
How do you prove your disability case if you have a mental condition or impairment?
Social Security Disability Back pay and How Long it Takes to Qualify for it and receive it
Social Security Disability SSI - Eligibility Requirements and Qualifications Criteria