How to file for disability, Filing for SSI
Disability Requirements, Disability Status
How long is the wait?, Disability Application
The Social Security List of Impairments
Qualifying for Disability, Mental Disability
Disability Lawyer Info, Disability Back Pay
Determining Social Security Disability and SSI eligibility
If you file a claim for benefits through Social Security Disability or SSI disability, your initial claim will be taken by a federal employee known as a claims rep. Typically, this will occur at a local social security office and the disability interview will be conducted in person, though the interview can be done over the phone for individuals who may find it difficult to visit a field office.
Once the claim has been taken, however, it is not actually processed to a decision point at the social security office. Instead, it is transmitted to a state disability claim processing agency (usually called DDS or disability determination services) and once there it is assigned to a disability examiner.
As a former disability examiner, I will discuss what elements go into the "pot" when it comes to determining Social Security Disability and SSI eligibility.
1. Medical Records - When claimants file for disability, there are two things that have to be determined by a claims examiner.
A) Is the claimant currently disabled?
B) Was the claimant previously disabled and, if so, when did the disability begin?
To determine each of these (basically, we are talking about a claimant's eligibility for past due benefits, or disability back pay, and ongoing, or continuing monthly, disability benefits), a disability examiner must have access to a claimant's medical records. And this, obviously, includes older records that go back as far back as possible (hopefully, at least as far back as when a claimant alleged that their disability began). And it also includes a claimant's medical most recent records since a disability approval typically cannot be made if the social security administration does not have access to medical record documentation that has been generated recently (within the last 90 days).
Medical records form the basis for disability decisions because they provide substantive proof as to what a claimant can functionally do and not do. In other words, what a claimant's RFC, or residual functional capacity, is and their RFC rating is. RFC, of course, is measured against the requirements of a claimant's past jobs to see if they can possibly return to one of their former jobs. Which brings us to number 2.
2. Work history - The Social Security Disability and SSI disability system uses a setup that is both medical and vocational in nature when it comes to determining disability claims. And the vocational aspect of the system is probably something that many claimants (who make the assumption that only their medical records will be used) do not consider when it comes to eligibility for benefits. However, work history plays a big role in deciding claims.
Some claimants who apply for disability will be approved because their records satisfy the criteria for a specific medical condition in the social security administration's impairment listing manual.
But for the majority of claimants an approval will only be made if a disability examiner can determine A) that their condition limits their functional capabilities to the extent that they no longer perform the duties of their past relevant work, and also B) that their condition limits them to the extent that they cannot be expected to transition to some form of other work for which they might be otherwise suited based on their work skills.
Work history, for adult disability claims, plays nearly as large a role in deciding the outcome of claims, as a claimant's medical history. And for this reason, it is vital that claimants supply to the social security administration as detailed as possible a list of their past jobs, along with the dates of their employment (how long the job was performed and whether or not it was performed in the last 15 years will determime if it is relevant to the disability claim that is under consideration).
In part 2 of this post, I'll discuss other elements that go into the mix as far as eligibility for disability benefits is concerned.
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Can you work while getting or applying for Disability?
How Often Does Social Security Approve Disability The First Time You Apply?
Tips for getting Social Security Disability or SSI benefits approved
What medical conditions will get you approved for disability?
What kind of Mental Problems Qualify for Disability?
Receiving a Disability Award Letter
Conditions Social Security will recognize as a disability
Previously answered questions regarding SSD and SSI
Applying for disability in your state
Most popular topics on SSDRC.com
Social Security Disability SSI Questions
The listings, list of disabling impairments
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Disability Lawyers prevent unnecessary denials
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How to apply for disability for a child or children
Filing a Social Security Disability SSI application
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Qualifications for disability benefits
How to Prove you are disabled and Win your Disability Benefits
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What Conditions Qualify For Social Security Disability?
These pages provide answers to basic questions about pursuing disability benefits
What Mental Problems Qualify for Disability?
Disability for a mental condition
Tips for Filing for disability
Financial Help Filing For Disability
Checklist for filing for disability, SSI or SSD
Qualifying for disability benefits, how to qualify for SSD or SSI
Filing a disability application: the steps
Disability award notice, how long it takes to get benefits
How to Apply for Disability - Where do I go?
What makes you eligible to get disability?
How to check my disability claim status?
Can a disability attorney speed up a disability case?
SSI disability Award Letter
How long to get approved for disability?
How to apply for disability benefits
How long does disability back pay take?
What are qualifications for getting disability?
What medical conditions can you file disability for?
Disability Lawyer help questions
Social Security Attorneys, Disability Representatives
For the sake of clarity, SSDRC.com is not the Social Security Administration, nor is it associated or affiliated with SSA. This site is a personal, private website that is published, edited, and maintained by former caseworker and former disability claims examiner, Tim Moore, who was interviewed by the New York Times on the topic of Social Security Disability and SSI benefits in an article entitled "The Disability Mess" and also by the Los Angeles Times on the subject of political attempts to weaken the Social Security Disability system.
The goal of the site is to provide information about how Social Security Disability and SSI work, the idea being that qualified information may help claimants pursue their claims and appeals, potentially avoiding time-consuming mistakes. If you find the information on this site helpful and believe it would be helpful to others, feel free to share links to its homepage or other pages on website resource pages, blogs, or social media. Copying of this material, however, is prohibited.
To learn more about the author, please visit the SSDRC.com homepage and view the "about this site" link near the bottom of the page.