SSDRC authored by Tim Moore
Social Security Disability and SSI Questions and Answers
What is the Application Process for Social Security Disability and SSI?
How do you Win Benefits under Social Security Disability or SSI?
If I am determined disabled, how far back will Social Security pay benefits?
How do you prove your disability case if you have a mental condition?
What Can I Do to Improve My Chances of Winning Disability Benefits
Common Mistakes after Receiving a Denial of Social Security Disability or SSI Benefits
How to File for Disability - Tips for Filing
If You Get Approved For SSDI Will You Also Get Medicare?
How much does a Social Security disability attorney get paid?
Social Security Disability SSI Criteria and the Evaluation Process
How long does it take to be approved for SSI or Social Security disability?
What do you Need to Prove to Qualify for Disability Benefits?
Social Security Disability SSI and Fibromyalgia
Social Security Disability SSI and Degenerative Disc Disease
Can I Qualify For Disability and Receive Benefits based on Depression?
More questions about SSD and SSI
What Disabilities Qualify for SSI and Social Security Disability Benefits?
Social Security Disability Status
Social Security Disability Tips ó how a claim gets worked on
Social Security Disability, SSI Disability - Terms, Definitions, Concepts
Vocational expert at a disability hearing - what is this?
How to prove you are disabled
and win disability benefits
Vocational experts are vocational rehabilitation professionals who meet the qualifications of the Social Security Administration. Vocational experts provide vocational advice to disability adjudicators from the initial disability claims level through the administrative law judge hearing level. For the purposes of this discussion, we will review the vocational experts role in the administrative law judge disability hearing.
Prior to scheduling your disability hearing, an administrative law judge will review your disability file and form an opinion as to your ability to perform your past relevant work with the functional limitations established by the medical evidence in your disability file.
The administrative law judge must first consider if your impairment, or impairments, meet or equal a medical listing. If you do not meet the criteria of any medical listing (in the disability listing book), you may be a candidate for an allowance based upon medical and vocational factors.
What do I mean by this? Social Security has Medical Vocational guidelines that must be considered when determining an individualís disability. What do the Social Security medical vocational guidelines address? Social Security disability medical vocational decisions are based upon an individualís residual functional capacity (what you are able to do in spite your medical and/or mental impairments), age, education, and work experience.
How do does Social Security determine the exertional and skill requirements of your past work? Social Security uses the Dictionary of Occupational Titles (DOT), which describes various types of work as they are performed in the national economy. The DOT describes the exertional requirements as well as the skill demands of a particular job.
So now you may be wondering what does this have to with a vocational expert being present at my disability hearing? If you are sent a letter stating that the judge will have a vocational expert present at your hearing, it may mean he has decided that you cannot perform your past work with the limitations of your impairments.
Therefore, the administrative law judge must now decide if you will be able to perform "other work". This is where the vocational expert is useful due to the complexities of vocational determinations. How does the administrative law judge garner the vocational advice from the vocational expert at your disability hearing? Generally, the administrative law judge will direct a hypothetical question to the vocational expert.
The question may be something like this:
"Given this individualís functional limitations, do you feel there are other jobs that could be performed by this individual in the national economy?"
Often the vocational expert's answer in this situation will determine the outcome of the hearing. Consequently, individuals who receive a letter stating that there will be a vocational expert present at their hearing may wish to seek qualified representation in the form of an experienced disability lawyer.
Return to: SSDRC, or the Social Security Disability Questions page