Facts about Graves Disease and Filing for Disability
These selected pages answer some of the most basic, but also some of the most important, questions for individuals who are considering filing a claim for disability benefits.
Facts about the condition
1) Graves disease is an autoimmune disease, which is a disorder characterized by the body not recognizing it's self, causing it to attack its own tissues and cells. Graves disease most often affects the thyroid gland causing it to be overactive, to swell larger than it should be, and can lead to hyperthyroidism (the thyroid producing an overabundance of thyroid hormones).
2) The thyroid gland regulates things like weight, mental energy, mood, and physical energy.
3) Symptoms of Graves disease can range from anxiety, irritability, insomnia and nervousness, to muscle weakness, frequent bowel movements, and irregular heartbeat. The list of possible symptoms for the disease is quite long, and includes brittle nails, sensitivity to light and even chronic sinus infections. Graves disease also affects the eyes and can cause exophthalmos (bulging eyes), eye irritation, and double vision. Smoking is thought to be connected to the symptoms of the eyes, making them worse.
4) Graves disease is has a genetic constituent and is found one-fourth of the time in identical twins.
5) The heart, nervous system, circulatory system and skin can also be affected by Graves disease.
6) Graves disease is usually easy to diagnose; a physical exam that shows a swollen thyroid gland and rapid heartbeat, along with symptoms of non-pitting edema and bulging eyes is usually enough to diagnose the disease. Tests such as radioactive iodine uptake, Serum T3, Serum TSH, and Serum free T4 are also used to help diagnose.
7) Treatment of Graves disease depends on the symptoms. Rapid heart rate, anxiety and sweating are most often treated with beta-blockers, and hyperthyroidism is usually treated with radioactive iodine, anti-thyroid medication, and sometimes surgery.
8) Those who have Graves disease and smoke tobacco should quit, since the eye issues associated with Graves disease can get worse with smoking tobacco, even once the hyperthyroidism is treated and cured.
Qualifying for disability benefits with this condition
Whether or not you qualify for disability and, as a result, are approved for disability benefits will depend entirely on the information obtained from your medical records.
This includes whatever statements and treatment notes that may have been obtained from your treating physician (a doctor who has a history of treating your condition and is, therefore, qualified to comment as to your condition and prognosis). It also includes discharge summaries from hospital stays, reports of imaging studies (such as xrays, MRIs, and CT scans) and lab panels (i.e. bloodwork) as well as reports from physical therapy.
In many disability claims, it may also include the results of a report issued by an independent physician who examines you at the request of the Social Security Administration.
Qualifying for SSD or SSI benefits will also depend on the information obtained from your vocational, or work, history if you are an adult, or academic records if you are a minor-age child. In the case of adults, your work history information will allow a disability examiner (examiners make decisions at the initial claim and reconsideration appeal levels, but not at the hearing level where a judges decides the outcome of the case) to A) classify your past work, B) determine the physical and mental demands of your past work, C) decide if you can go back to a past job, and D) whether or not you have the ability to switch to some type of other work.
The important thing to keep in mind is that the social security administration does not award benefits based on simply having a condition, but, instead, will base an approval or denial on the extent to which a condition causes functional limitations. Functional limitations can be great enough to make work activity not possible (or, for a child, make it impossible to engage in age-appropriate activities).
Why are so many disability cases lost at the disability application and reconsideration appeal levels?
There are several reasons but here are just two:
1) Social Security makes no attempt to obtain a statement from a claimant's treating physician. By contrast, at the hearing level, a claimant's disability attorney or disability representative will generally obtain and present this type of statement to a judge.
Note: it is not enough for a doctor to simply state that their patient is disabled. To satisy Social Security's requirements, the physician must list in what ways and to what extent the individual is functionally limited. For this reason, many representatives and attorneys request that the physician fill out and sign a specialized medical source statement that captures the correct information. Solid Supporting statements from physicians easily make the difference between winning or losing a disability case at the hearing level.
2) Prior to the hearing level, a claimant will not have the opportunity to explain how their condition limits them, nor will their attorney or representative have the opportunity to make a presentation based on the evidence of the case. This is because at the initial levels of the disability system, a disability examiner decides the case without meeting the claimant. The examiner may contact the claimant to gather information on activities of daily living and with regard to medical treatment or past jobs, but usually nothing more. At the hearing level, however, presenting an argument for approval based on medical evidence that has been obtained and submitted is exactly what happens.
About the Author: Tim Moore is a former Social Security Disability Examiner in North Carolina, has been interviewed by the NY Times and the LA Times on the disability system, and is an Accredited Disability Representative (ADR) in North Carolina. For assistance on a disability application or Appeal in NC, click here.
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