Overview of Disability

Disability Back Pay

Disability Requirements

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Disability Advice Tips

How long do cases take?

How to win Disability

SSD Mistakes to avoid

Disability for Mental

What if you get denied?

How to file Appeals

Disability through SSA

SSI Disability Benefits

Disability for Children

How do I qualify for it?

Working and Disability

Disability Award Notice

Disability Lawyer Q&A

Disability Conditions List

What is a disability?

Your Medical Evidence

Filing for your Disability

Disability Eligibility

SSD SSI Definitions

Recent Questions

SSDRC Disability Blog

Will a Disability Judge advise you to get representation?

On a number of posts here, I've mentioned that if you go to a social security disability hearing or SSI hearing without representation, there's a good chance that the disability judge will advise you to A) reschedule your hearing so that B) you can find representation on your disability claim.

However, I was speaking to a field office claims rep at a social security office and this individual told me that, in their opinion, the majority of administrative law judges do not,in fact, do this. What led this individual to this conclusion? The fact that so many claimants go to hearings without a disability attorney and do not reschedule. Sounds logical. Claimants who are advised by the judge hearing their case would, most likely, find it wise to get representation if so advised.

It begs the question. Why would a judge not advise a claimant who shows up unrepresented to get a disability lawyer. I can only assume that either the judge doesn't care and simply wants to clear cases from his or her caseload, or that the judge at one time did this, but has now begun to view all claimants who make this mistake as "one and the same", i.e. "let them represent themselves if they think that's a good idea".

Of course, it's never a good idea to do this. A person who appears at a hearing will typically not know anything about the decision history of their own case. Chances are, they will not have reviewed their own social security disability file, will not know why their application for disability was denied, why their request for reconsideration was denied, and will certainly not know how to prepare for a disability hearing in order to avoid being denied again.

Other things an unrepresented claimant won't know: A) how to effectively argue that the classification of their past work may be incorrect, based on the actual duties they performed, B) how to argue that, based on their medical evidence, that their functional limitations (mental or physical) are greater than was determined by disability determination services (the agency that decides disability cases for SSA), C) how to argue that, in light of their limitations, age, education, and work skills, that they are incapable of performing suitable other work.

Then, of course, there is the aspect of hearing preparation. This involves not only knowing what is in the social security disability file, but also how to add to it and strengthen it. Strengthening it may involve developing an argument for a disability approval on the basis of meeting a listing in the social security disability list of impairments (the blue book).

It may involve getting additional records, including statements from a treating physician, and sending them in to the administrative law judge hearing the case. It may also involve, in a children's case, successfully obtaining questionaires from a child's teacher, a person who is well suited to provide first hand observations of a child's ability to engage in age-appropriate behaviors, or not.

There's actually very little that a claimant who shows up unrepresented at a hearing will know how to do to succesfully argue their case. And for this reason disability judges should always point out the fact that representation is an option they should consider. Judges who don't do this, of course, are not serving the best interests of claimants, but possibly their desire to clear their own caseloads.

Return to:  Social Security Disability Resource Center, or read answers to Questions

Related pages:

How to file for disability in Minnesota
Can you win disability if you have a job?
Approved for disability for cancer
Will SSI deny my claim?
Enough Work Credits For Social Security Disability Benefits?
Memory loss and filing for disability
Social Security Disability Maximum back pay
Social Security Disability Claims and Medical Exams
How to file for disability in South Dakota
Winning a Social Security Disability Appeal or SSI Appeal
Chronic pain and filing for disability
Will An Inheritance Affect eligibility For Social Security Disability?
Social Security Disability and cash surrender value
Will Social Security Disability Offset My Pension?
Factors involved in Winning SSDI or SSI Claims

Information on the following topics can be found here: Social Security Disability Questions and in these subsections:

Frequently asked questions about getting Denied for Disability Benefits | FAQ on Disability Claim Representation | Info about Social Security Disability Approvals and Being Approved | FAQ on Social Security Disability SSI decisions | The SSD SSI Decision Process and what gets taken into consideration | Disability hearings before Judges | Medical exams for disability claims | Applying for Disability in various states | Selecting and hiring Disability Lawyers | Applying for Disability in North Carolina | Recent articles and answers to questions about SSD and SSI

These pages provide answers to basic questions about pursuing disability benefits

What mental problems qualify for disability?
SSI disability status
How to prove you qualify for disability
Qualifying for disability eligibility requirements
How Does Social Security Decide If You Are Disabled
How much does disability pay?
Factors involved in Winning SSDI or SSI Claims
Applying for disability with Degenerative Disc Disease
How long to get a Social Security decision letter?
What Does Social Security Consider To Be a Disability?
The amount of back pay that you receive
Social Security medical disability determination process
If You Get Approved For SSDI Will You Also Get Medicare?
How long can you receive SSI or Social Security disability benefits?
How Long Does A Social Security Disability Appeal Take?
How Long Does It Take To Get Disability Benefits When You First File?
Can you work if you get SSI disability?
Social Security Disability attorney fees
Am I eligible to receive disability benefits?
What are the non medical requirements for disability
How to get SSI
Approved for disability benefits
SSD SSI disability hearing decision