How to file for disability, Filing for SSI
Disability Requirements, Disability Status
How long is the wait?, Disability Application
The Social Security List of Impairments
Qualifying for Disability, Mental Disability
Disability Lawyer Info, Disability Back Pay

Can You Work While You Appeal Your Social Security Disability Decision?

Most people think that when an individual files an application for Social Security Disability they cannot be working; however this is not true (though it is true that the ability to work plays an important rule in all disability determinations including disability appeals).

The definition of disability for the Social Security Administration, in terms of how it relates to work activity, is as follows: any medically determinable physical or mental impairment that has prevented an individual from performing substantial gainful activity (basically, meaning work activity that pays a livable wage) for twelve continuous months, or which is expected to prevent them from performing substantial gainful activity for twelve months.

Notice that the definition states substantial gainful activity, not work. Substantial gainful activity is a monthly earnings limit that Social Security sets each year as an amount of earnings that it considers being self-supporting.

Consequently, if an individual is working, but is earning under the SGA monthly earnings limit, it will not cause their initial disability claim, or their appeal, to be denied. Likewise, it will not negatively affect an individual who is already receiving SSD or SSI disability benefits.

Social Security must be notified of any work activity so that the work activity can be evaluated to make sure that the disability claimant is not exceeding the SGA limit. There are certain exceptions to the concrete SGA monthly limit.

For example, some individuals are earning over the monthly earnings amount but their employer is subsidizing their employment by giving special consideration that allows them to maintain their employment. Special considerations might be more rest periods, more time off, or even help with their job duties.

If an employer is subsidizing a claimants work, they are asked by Social Security to complete a form indicating what the considerations are, and the worth of the disability applicant's work when compared to non-disabled employees. If their work is worth fifty percent of what they are earning, their earnings will only be counted as fifty percent of the reported monthly earnings, and this may keep the disability claimant under the SGA earnings limit.

If a disability claimant's case is approved and they have worked while their disability claim or appeals were being evaluated, their work may counted as some of their trial work months (Trial work months are months in which a person may attempt a return to work. Disability benefit recipients get nine trial work months and during these months they may earn over the SGA limit without it negatively impacting their benefits).

Disability claimants and disability beneficiaries should always be very careful about work activity. If a disability claimant wins disability on appeal, their disability case may be reopened and denied if they have performed SGA-level work activty during the five month waiting period or during the twelve months following their disability onset (when they state they became unable to work at a substantial and gainful level due to their impairment).

It is imperative that a disability claimant or disability beneficiary keep track of their earnings so that they remain eligible for disability benefits.

Essential Questions

What is the Social Security Disability SSI list of impairments?

Can you work while getting or applying for Disability?

How Often Does Social Security Approve Disability The First Time You Apply?

Tips for getting Social Security Disability or SSI benefits approved

What medical conditions will get you approved for disability?

What kind of Mental Problems Qualify for Disability?

Receiving a Disability Award Letter

Conditions Social Security will recognize as a disability

Previously answered questions regarding SSD and SSI

Applying for disability in your state

Most popular topics on SSDRC.com

Social Security Disability SSI Questions

The listings, list of disabling impairments

Can a mental illness qualify you for disability?

Disability Lawyers prevent unnecessary denials

How much Social Security Disability SSI back pay?

How to apply for disability for a child or children

Filing a Social Security Disability SSI application

Filing for disability - when to file

How to apply for disability - where to apply

Qualifications for disability benefits

How to Prove you are disabled and Win your Disability Benefits

Qualifying for Disability - The Process

How to get disability for depression

Getting disability for fibromyalgia

SSI disability for children with ADHD

What is the Application Process for Social Security Disability and SSI?

Common Mistakes to avoid after being denied for Disability

Social Security Disability SSI Exam tips

More Social Security Disability SSI Questions

Social Security Disability SSI definitions

What makes you eligible for Social Security Disability or SSI?

New and featured pages on SSDRC.com

Who can help me file for disability?

Related pages:

How to get Disability, tip 2
How to dress for a disability hearing
Can I lose my disability benefit if I file an appeal for back pay?
Are You Allowed to Work While Receiving Social Security Disability or SSI?
What is an unsuccessful work attempt?
If my medical condition keeps me from working will I get Social Security Disability?
Can’t Work In My Old Job, How Does Social Security Disability Consider This?
Social Security Disability And Trial Work Months: You are allowed to Work
Medical Disability - How does Social Security view your work and medical records
Is there a Maximum I can Work and Make if I am on SSD or SSI Disability Benefits?
Working while getting Disability - Is it Possible?
Can You Work While You Appeal Your Social Security Disability Decision?
How long do you have To Be Out Of Work Before You Get Social Security Disability (SSD)?
Can I work without it affecting my Social Security Disability or SSI?
What happens if you are working when you file for disability or work after you apply for disability?
Will working part-time affect my SSD?
Working while on Social Security Disability and Not Reporting
What is SGA (Substantial Gainful Activity)?
If I Apply For Disability And Go Back To Work, Do I Need To Report This?
Are you allowed to work at all if you get Social Security Disability or SSI?

These pages answer some of the most basic questions for individuals who are considering filing a claim.

Can you get temporary Social Security Disability or SSI benefits?

Permanent Social Security Disability

What is the difference between Social Security Disability and SSI?

Who is eligible for SSI disability?

Can I Be Eligible For SSI And Social Security Disability At The Same Time?

What makes a person eligible to receive disability benefits?

Applying for Disability - How long does it take to get Social Security Disability or SSI benefits?

What happens if I file a disability application and it is denied by a disability examiner or Judge?

For the sake of clarity, SSDRC.com is not the Social Security Administration, nor is it associated or affiliated with SSA. This site is a personal, private website that is published, edited, and maintained by former caseworker and former disability claims examiner, Tim Moore, who was interviewed by the New York Times on the topic of Social Security Disability and SSI benefits in an article entitled "The Disability Mess" and also by the Los Angeles Times on the subject of political attempts to weaken the Social Security Disability system.

The goal of the site is to provide information about how Social Security Disability and SSI work, the idea being that qualified information may help claimants pursue their claims and appeals, potentially avoiding time-consuming mistakes. If you find the information on this site helpful and believe it would be helpful to others, feel free to share links to its homepage or other pages on website resource pages, blogs, or social media. Copying of this material, however, is prohibited.

To learn more about the author, please visit the SSDRC.com homepage and view the "about this site" link near the bottom of the page.