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Social Security Disability Definitions

Social Security Disability and SSI Overview

The Requirements for Disability

Social Security Disability and SSI Applications

Tips and Advice for Disability Claims

How long does Disability take?

Common Mistakes after Receiving a Disability Denial

Social Security Disability and SSI Denials

Social Security Disability and SSI Appeals

Social Security Mental Disability Benefits

Disability Benefits offered through Social Security

Benefits through SSI disability

Disability Benefits for Children

Disability Qualifications and How to Qualify

Social Security Disability and Working

Winning your Disability Benefits

Social Security Disability Back Pay Benefits

Social Security Disability SSI Awards and Award Notices

Disability Lawyers and Hiring an Attorney

Social Security Disability SSI List of Conditions

What is considered a Disabling condition by Social Security?

Social Security Disability SSI and Medical Evidence

Filing for Disability Benefits

Eligibility for Disability Benefits

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What Happens If You Miss Your Social Security Disability Application Appointment?

If you miss your Social Security disability application appointment, Social Security will send you what is known as a closeout letter. Basically, the closeout letter will give you six months from the date of your denial notice to file for Social Security disability benefits using the date that you contacted the Social Security Administration as a protective filing date.

If you fail to file for Social Security disability during the six-month period, your new filing date for disability will be when you recontacted Social Security to set up another appointment for a disability application, meaning that you may end up not being eligible for as much in back pay benefits.

Closeout letters allow Social Security to limit the scope of their disability application. Simply, it allows them to limit the amount of retroactive benefits payable. Social Security pays twelve months of retroactive benefits provided that there has been substantial work activity for at least seventeen months prior to the protected date of filing.

For example, if you contacted Social Security for your disability application appointment on 10/01/10 with an alleged disability onset date (when you first became unable to work at the substantial gainful activity level because of your disabling condition) of 05/01/09, Social Security could potentially pay you retroactive benefits back to 10/09.

However, if your disability application appointment was set for 10/15/10 and you miss your appointment on 10/15/10 and do not contact Social Security to reschedule your disability interview until 06/15/11, Social Security will only pay retroactive benefits back to 07/10.

Social Security can only pay twelve months back from the protected date of filing of 06/15/11. In this example, even if you allege the same disability onset of 05/01/09, you can only receive retroactive benefits back to 07/10 because of your protected date of filing is 06/15/11, rather than 10/01/10.

Once Social Security sends the closeout notice for a missed disability application appointment, they do not contact an applicant again. Rescheduling the disability application interview is the applicant's responsibility. The applicant could miss months of disability benefits if they do not file their disability claim within the six month closeout period, especially if they have not been working for months or even years before they contacted Social Security for their missed disability application interview.

Return to:  Social Security Disability Resource Center, or read answers to Questions

Information on the following topics can be found here: Social Security Disability Questions and in these subsections:

Frequently asked questions about getting Denied for Disability Benefits | FAQ on Disability Claim Representation | Info about Social Security Disability Approvals and Being Approved | FAQ on Social Security Disability SSI decisions | The SSD SSI Decision Process and what gets taken into consideration | Disability hearings before Judges | Medical exams for disability claims | Applying for Disability in various states | Selecting and hiring Disability Lawyers | Applying for Disability in North Carolina | Recent articles and answers to questions about SSD and SSI

These pages answer some of the most basic questions for individuals who are considering filing a claim.

Filing for disability - How to file for SSD or SSI and the Information that is needed by Social Security
How to Apply for Disability - What medical conditions can you apply and qualify for?
Applying for Disability - How long does it take to get Social Security Disability or SSI benefits?
What happens if I file a disability application and it is denied by a disability examiner or Judge?
How to Prove you are disabled and qualify to win disability benefits
How do you prove your disability case if you have a mental condition or impairment?
Social Security Disability Back pay and How Long it Takes to Qualify for it and receive it
Social Security Disability SSI - Eligibility Requirements and Qualifications Criteria