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Overview of Disability

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How long does Disability take?

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Mental Disability Benefits

Denials for Disability

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Disability Benefits from SSA

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Qualifications and How to Qualify

Working and Disability

Disability Awards and Notices

Disability Lawyers, Hiring Attorneys

Social Security List of Conditions

What Social Security considers disabling

Medical Evidence and Disability

Filing for Disability Benefits

Eligibility for Disability Benefits

SSD SSI Definitions



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When does social security consider you eligible for disability benefits?




 
There is a definition of disability that is used by the social security administration for both the social security disability and SSI disability programs. Though it might surprise some people, the definition is just as dependent on vocational information as it is on medical information.

What does the SSA definition of disability say? Basically that, to qualify for disability benefits, a person's condition (or conditions, and they can be either physical or mental, or more than one of each) must be severe enough that they no longer have the ability to work and earn a substantial and gainful income.

The way the definition is applied is as follows:

A disability examiner working on a disability claim will thoroughly review an applicant's medical records to determine what their limitations are.

For physical limitations, the disability examiner will review the records and then rate the claimant as being able to perform heavy, medium, light, sedentary, or less than sedentary work activity. Less than sedentary will always result in a disability approval, while being rated at a higher work activity level may result in an approval depending on other factors.

Those factors include what the claimant did in their past work (and what those jobs required), what the claimant's work skills are, how well educated they are, and how old they are. The older you are, the more consideration the disability system will give since it is generally assumed that with greater age has a person has fewer job opportunities.

The physical rating that a claimant receives (known as their RFC, or residual functional capacity, rating) will be used to determine if they receive disability benefits. However, claimants are also rated for their mental limitations.

An MRFC, or mental residual functional capacity rating, is conducted if the claimant indicated on their disablity application that they had a cognitive problem (learning disability or memory problems, or limited IQ) or psychiatric problems (depression, bipolar disorder).

The MRFC rating will indicate whether or not the claimant has any of the following: difficulty learning new tasks, performing tasks that require attention and concentration, working in a changing work environment, integrating with co-workers and supervisory personnel, and a wide range of other mental characteristics that would impact their ability to persist in a work environment.

The mental and physical ratings a claimant receives from a disability examiner--and the medical and the mental consultants that the disability examiner works with in his or her claims processing unit--will be used to determine several things. The first will be whether or not the claimant still has the ability to work at one of their former jobs. If that is not possible, the examiner will decide whether or not the claimant can do some type of other work. If that is also not possible, the examiner may decide that the claimant is disabled.

continued at: Eligibility for Disability Benefits as Viewed by Social Security















Return to:  Social Security Disability Resource Center, or read answers to Questions





























Related pages:

When does social security consider you eligible for disability benefits?
Who is eligible for SSI Disability?
Disability Criteria - Eligibility For Social Security and SSI Disability
Can I Be Eligible For SSI And Social Security Disability At The Same Time?
Social Security Disability and SSI Mental Claims and Criteria
Can you apply for disability on the basis of multiple health problems?
What makes a person eligible to receive disability benefits?
Inability to Work and Eligibility for Social Security Disability and SSI Benefits
What makes you eligible for Social Security Disability or SSI?
If You Are Currently Working Are You Eligible To Receive Social Security Disability Benefits?
Will Being A Veteran Affect Your Eligibility And Chances For Social Security Disability?
Are SSD and SSI disability cases decided the same way in terms of Eligibility?
Is the Medical Criteria to Get Social Security Disability or SSI Benefits hard?
Criteria for how Social Security Disability is Awarded
Social Security Disability SSI Criteria and the Evaluation Process



Information on the following topics can be found here: Social Security Disability Questions and in these subsections:

Frequently asked questions about getting Denied for Disability Benefits | FAQ on Disability Claim Representation | Info about Social Security Disability Approvals and Being Approved | FAQ on Social Security Disability SSI decisions | The SSD SSI Decision Process and what gets taken into consideration | Disability hearings before Judges | Medical exams for disability claims | Applying for Disability in various states | Selecting and hiring Disability Lawyers | Applying for Disability in North Carolina | Recent articles and answers to questions about SSD and SSI


These pages answer some of the most basic questions for individuals who are considering filing a claim.

Filing for disability - How to file for SSD or SSI and the Information that is needed by Social Security
How to Apply for Disability - What medical conditions can you apply and qualify for?
Applying for Disability - How long does it take to get Social Security Disability or SSI benefits?
What happens if I file a disability application and it is denied by a disability examiner or Judge?
How to Prove you are disabled and qualify to win disability benefits
How do you prove your disability case if you have a mental condition or impairment?
Social Security Disability Back pay and How Long it Takes to Qualify for it and receive it
Social Security Disability SSI - Eligibility Requirements and Qualifications Criteria