Overview of Disability
Disability Back Pay
Requirements for Disability
Applications for disability
Tips and Advice for Disability Claims
How long does Disability take?
Winning Disability Benefits
Common Mistakes after a Denial
Mental Disability Benefits
Denials for Disability
Appeals for denied claims
Disability Benefits from SSA
Child Disability Benefits
Qualifications and How to Qualify
Working and Disability
Disability Awards and Notices
Disability Lawyers, Hiring Attorneys
Social Security List of Conditions
What Social Security considers disabling
Medical Evidence and Disability
Filing for Disability Benefits
Eligibility for Disability Benefits
SSD SSI Definitions
SSDRC authored by Tim Moore
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Submitting a Social Security Disability Appeal in Ohio
If you have filed a claim for social security disability (SSD) or Supplemental Security Income disability (SSI) in Ohio only to have it denied, your best bet, in most circumstances is to appeal the decision.
Claimants who are not represented by a disability attorney or a non-attorney disability representative at the time of their denial should contact Social Security immediately to request an appeal. SSA allows claimants 60 days, plus an additional five days for mailing time of documents, to file an appeal.
However, many claimants mistakenly assume that they may mail their appeal forms by the 60th or 65th day. In actuality, the appeal forms must be received by a Social Security office by the 65th day, or it will be considered untimely.
Claimants who submit their own appeals should, of course, keep a copy of the forms they submit in the event that their paperwork is lost or not received by SSA.
Claimants who do have representation at the time they are denied should simply contact their representative to advise them that a denial notice has been received. In all likelihood, the representative will receive a copy of the notice, but this does not always occur.
Therefore, it is good practice for a claimant to always contact their representative when correspondence of any kind is received from the Social Security Administration, if for no other reason than to keep all parties "on the same page".
When a claimant has representation, typically the representative will file the appropriate appeal, keep a copy for their file, and send one copy to their client for their personal records.
When an appeal is filed, the claimant and/or their attorney or representative should use the "appeal disability report form" to notify Social Security of any changes such as a) new medical treatment sources, b) newly diagnosed conditions, c) any changes in symptoms or functional capacity.
The first appeal in Ohio is known as a request for reconsideration. Reconsiderations are processed in the same manner as disability applications, meaning that a reconsideration will be determined at Ohio DDS (disability determination services) by a disability examiner who will review the available medical and vocational evidence.
Since the reconsideration process is practically identical to the initial claim process (the only substantial difference is that a different level disability examiner evaluates the claim), it should not be surprising that a reconsideration is likely to be denied as well.
In fact, the denial rate at this level in Ohio, which is the first appeal level, is 89 percent (by contrast, at the application level in Ohio 72 percent of claims are denied).
Individuals who receive a reconsideration denial should immediately file a request for a hearing before an ALJ, or administrative law judge. Again, the process for requesting this appeal is the same as with the reconsideration appeal, and the same deadline period applies (60 days from the date of the most recent denial, plus an added five days for mailing time).
A new claim versus an appeal
Claimants very often make the mistake of filing a new disability claim instead of filing an appeal. Why is this a mistake? A compelling reason for not starting over with a new claim is the fact that a new filing date may potentially result in the loss of thousands of dollars in disability back pay.
However, there are two other main reasons why it is generally advisable to request a hearing before a judge rather than file a new SSD claim:
1) If you file a new claim, you will have to go through the entire initial claims process again, including being assigned a claims representative (CR). And, in all likelihood, a new claim will simply be denied again.
2) A judge is statistically more likely to approve a Social Security Disability or SSI claim than the state disability agency (DDS). In other words, it is in your best interest, if your claim has been denied, to appear in front of a judge at the first opportunity.
There is one exception to this rule, and that is in a case in which a disability application has been denied on “technical” grounds, i.e., your annual income/earnings were too much to qualify you for disability, and you were therefore disqualified from the outset.
In this scenario, no time is lost by filing a new claim, since the claim never really got to the point in which medical records and/or work history was considered.
To sum up, if your claim and request for reconsideration have been denied by DDS, your next best step is almost always to request a hearing before an administrative judge. Not only will you save yourself months, perhaps even years, of time, but you are also more likely to receive a favorable outcome on your case.
Return to: Social Security Disability Resource Center, or read answers to Questions
Information on the following topics can be found here: Social Security Disability Questions and in these subsections:
Frequently asked questions about getting Denied for Disability Benefits | FAQ on Disability Claim Representation | Info about Social Security Disability Approvals and Being Approved | FAQ on Social Security Disability SSI decisions | The SSD SSI Decision Process and what gets taken into consideration | Disability hearings before Judges | Medical exams for disability claims | Applying for Disability in various states | Selecting and hiring Disability Lawyers | Applying for Disability in North Carolina | Recent articles and answers to questions about SSD and SSI
These pages answer some of the most basic questions for individuals who are considering filing a claim.
Filing for disability - How to file for SSD or SSI and the Information that is needed by Social Security
How to Apply for Disability - What medical conditions can you apply and qualify for?
Applying for Disability - How long does it take to get Social Security Disability or SSI benefits?
What happens if I file a disability application and it is denied by a disability examiner or Judge?
How to Prove you are disabled and qualify to win disability benefits
How do you prove your disability case if you have a mental condition or impairment?
Social Security Disability Back pay and How Long it Takes to Qualify for it and receive it
Social Security Disability SSI - Eligibility Requirements and Qualifications Criteria